4 Steps to Minimize Spread
How Viruses May Spread?
To understand how UV Disinfection and other methods may be helpful to prevent the spread of viruses such as Coronavirus and Ebola, it helps to understand how it spreads.
The Coronavirus 2019-nCOV is new and how it is spread may not be fully understood, however it is thought that the disease can spread through coughing and sneezing, personal contact with an infected person, touching an infected surface and then the mouth, nose or eyes, and, in rare cases, through fecal contamination.
The following procedures are effective ways to protect yourself and your family from not only viruses, but bacteria and other germs that cause sickness, infections, asthma and allergic reactions.
- Wash Hands Regularly and Properly
- Disinfect Thoroughly using effective cleaning agents.
- Protect yourself from those possibly infected
- UV Disinfection
Wash Hands Properly and Regularly
Hand washing is a simple and effective way to help prevent infection. It is vital to understand when to wash hands, how to wash hands, and how to get children into the habit. Touching people, surfaces and objects during the day leads to accumulation of germs on your hands. This can lead to infecting yourself by touching your eyes, nose or mouth. These instructions are based on information provided by Mayo clinic staff:
Wash your hands BEFORE:
- Preparing food or eating
- Treating wounds, giving medicine, or caring for a sick or injured person
- Inserting or removing contact lenses
Wash your hands AFTER:
- Preparing food, especially raw meat or poultry
- Using the toilet or changing a diaper
- Touching an animal or animal toys, leashes, or waste
- Blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing into your hands
- Treating wounds or caring for a sick or injured person
- Handling garbage, household or garden chemicals, or anything that could be contaminated — such as a cleaning cloth or soiled shoes
- Whenever they look or feel dirty.
How to Wash hands:
- Wet your hands with running water.
- Apply liquid, bar or powder soap and lather well.
- Rub your hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds. Remember to scrub all surfaces, including the backs of your hands, wrists, between your fingers and under your fingernails. (See the poster graphic below for details)
- Rinse well and dry your hands with a clean or disposable towel or air dryer.
- If possible, use your towel to turn off the faucet.
Disinfect Thoroughly Using Effective Cleaning Agents
Bleach is a strong and effective disinfectant. Its active ingredient, sodium hypochlorite, denatures protein in micro-organisms and is therefore effective in killing bacteria, fungus and viruses. Household bleach works quickly and is widely available at a low cost. Diluted household bleach is thus recommended for the disinfection of facilities.
As bleach irritates mucous membranes, the skin and the airway, decomposes under heat or light and reacts readily with other chemicals, caution should be exercised in the use of it. Improper use of bleach may reduce its effectiveness in disinfection and also lead to accidents which can be harmful to health. Overuse of bleach or using a bleach solution that is too concentrated results in the production of toxic substances that pollute the environment and disturb ecological balance.
Read our guide on Disinfecting with Bleach.
Protect Yourself From Those Possibly Infected
One of the best ways to minimize spread is to protect yourself from those possibly infected. When used properly, using masks is an effective way to protect yourself from infectious persons.
Not all masks are created equal, however. So to make sure you are buy the right masks and using them correctly, read our Mask Guide.
UV Disinfection is an incredibly effective way to combat unwanted viruses and bacteria. UV Disinfection technology has been around since the mid-20th century and is widely used my medical professionals in sterile settings.
Hand-held UV units are less powerful, but equally effective when used correctly. They are ideal for disinfecting household items like phones, wallets, keys, computers and kids toys. To find out more about how you can be using UV disinfection at home, read our Guide to UV Disinfection.